CBSE class 12 English Notes

You can download class 12 English Core Revision Notes in PDF format. These Revision Notes are also available for free download on Extra Class app. CBSE Class 12 English notes are also available for download on our website

Class 12 English Flamingo course is an important part of Class 12 CBSE English course. Class 12 English course includes Poetry and Prose. Full Notes and Videos as per CBSE class 12 Latest Syllabus is available on ExtraClass app for Class 12 English Flamingo and English Vistas.

To get 95 plus in Boards Class 12 English NCERT Flamingo solutions and ExtraClass app is the best free download is ideal. With ExtraClass App in your Mobile, you will  FREE Videos Classes Notes and Practice papers. Not only that, but you will also have access to all the FREE PDFs of study materials and solutions along with absolutely FREE Practice Tests to score high in boards.

Below mentioned chapter wise details for Class 12 English NCERT Solutions for Flamingo:

Chapter-1: The Last Lesson

‘’The Last Lesson’’ by Alphonse Daudet revolves around the theme importance of freedom and one’s own language or mother tongue. The chapter also discusses the impact of war on the minds and lives of ordinary citizens.

The story is set in the days of Franco-Prussian war in which France was defeated by Prussia ledgy Bismarck. In the story the French districts of Alsace and Lorraine have passed into Prussian hands and how this has suddenly changed the lives of specially Mr. Hamel and Franz.

Chapter-2: Lost Spring

The ‘’Lost Spring’’ by Anees Jung raises voice against child labor . The story ‘Lost Spring’ addresses the pitiable condition of the poor children who are unable to enjoy their childhood due to their poor socio - economic condition that prevails in the place they dwell in.

These children live a life that is far distant and different from a life of a normal child who receives education and is not forced into labor in his early life. The characters that represent this life are Saheb-e-Alam: A Ragpicker and Mukesh: Son of a bangle maker.

Chapter-3: Deep Water

The story talks about how as a young boy William Douglas nearly drowned in a swimming pool. The story is a an autobiographical account of how the author developed the fear of water in an early age and how determined he was to conquer or overcome his fear.

Chapter-4: The Rattrap

“The Rattrap” is a story by Selma Lagerlöf . The  theme of the story is that man is inherently good by nature and it is the material benefits or the society and the environment he lives in makes him bad. Since the story ends on a positive note of hope, we infer that human goodness and kindness can bring about the change in the attitude of any person trapped. “The Rattrap” is an appropriate title as it is the story of a rattrap peddler.  The word Rattrap throws light on the human dilemma with respect to the functioning of the world and the society.  Just like a rat is fooled by the bait that and it gets trapped similarly even human beings also tend to fall into the trap of material benefits provided by the world.                                                            

Chapter-5: Indigo

The story is an excerpt from Louis  Fischer’s  book “The Life of. Mahatma Gandhi” . The story throws light upon the efforts shown by Mahatma Gandhi to get justice for the peasants of Champaran who were forced to grow Indigo under the British Raj. Indigo was the major commercial crop and all the tenants were forced to plant  15% indigo and were supposed  surrender the entire indigo harvest as a rent  to the landlords.

Meanwhile when Britishers did not need Indigo crop anymore because Germany had already developed synthetic indigo in order to release the peasants from the 15 %agreement they demanded compensation.  The story talks about how Gandhiji taught the poor peasants self - reliance and non - violence.

Chapter-6: Poets and Pancakes

“Poets and Pancakes” is an excerpt from Asokamitran’s book My Years with Boss. In this he basically recounts his years at the famous Gemini studios that was located in Chennai. Asokamitran’s job at the Gemini studio was to cut out the newspaper clippings on different subjects and store them in files.The main characters of this story are Subbu, Office Boy and the Lawyer. The narrative gives an insight of how different people work together despite their  casual dislike for each other and how different is the reel life from the real life.

Chapter-7: The Interview

The story by Christopher Sylvester talks about the new invention in journalism that is the Interview. It broadly discusses about how different people/celebrities have multiple views about the interview and what it does to their personality and being.  Interview according to Christopher had different functions and advantages. Some people find it a source of truth and a medium through which the questions of general public are answered whereas some people claim it as an unwarranted interference into their lives. The author has enlisted the writers who despise interviews like S. Naipaul who feels that ‘some people are wounded by interviews and loose a part of themselves.’ For Lewis Carroll it is ‘a just horror of the interviewer’ and therefore refrained from it. Rudyard Kipling says that it’s ‘immoral, a crime, an assault that merits punishment’.

Chapter-8: Going Places

Going Places by A.R. Barton, is mainly  concerned with the unpleasant and pleasant experiences of adolescence and the problems faced by teenagers during this stage of life.  Barton explores the theme of adolescent fantasising and hero worship in this story through the character Sophie. The author also coveys through the story that it is natural for the adolescents to fantasise but to a certain level because there is no use of building castles in the air.


Class 12 English Flamingo Poem 

Chapter-1: My Mother at Sixty-six

The poem was written by Kamla Das revolves around the theme of Fear of loss or separation from the old ageing mother. It talks about the anguish of the daughter over her mother’s advancing age and the fear of permanent separation from her.

Chapter-2: An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum

An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum is written by Stephen Spender. He has concentrated on the themes of social injustice and class inequalities. As the title of the poem suggests that the poet is talking about a classroom in a slum so the setting of the poem remains the same throughout. He is writing about what he observes about inside this small classroom.                                              

Chapter-3: Keeping Quiet

Keeping Quiet by Pablo Neruda. The poem talks about the necessity of quiet introspection and it creates a feeling of mutual understanding among human beings. Therefore Retrospection and Introspection are the two important themes of the poem.  The title of the poem  “Keeping Quiet” means stopping all the activities that we are doing or keeping everything at rest not just physically but keeping our mind quiet too and questioning and understanding the purpose of the world that humans have created around themselves.

Chapter-4: A Thing of Beauty

“A Thing of Beauty” by John Keats  revolves around the theme that any beautiful object is always treasured in our mind because it provides us eternal and everlasting joy. The happiness that a beautiful object provides, never fades into nothingness but multiples manifold whenever it returns to our mind. In the poem, the poet says that a thing of beauty is a joy forever a joy even in the    midst of disease, sufferings and disappointments of life. The object of beauty makes a lasting impression on us and gives us joy even when they are not present before our eyes. The joy that they give never fades into nothingness, but increases whenever they flash across our minds.

Chapter-5: A Roadside Stand

“A Roadside Stand” is written by Robert Frost. The poem through the owner of roadside stand reflects upon the life of people that are deprived and mindlessly ignored  by the city - bred people. The owner wants to be accepted by the city people even if they don’t buy anything from his stand.  Further the poet also points out that the growth and development is unequal in cities and villages which is why people in the villages tend to remain dissatisfied and unhappy as well.

Chapter-6: Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

The poem is written by Adrienne Rich and it talks about the limitations or restrictions that a married woman experiences in her life. The poetess introduces us to the tigers that are in her needle work that she is making. Tigers are described as Beautiful and Bright.The speaker tells us that these tigers are strong and they have no fear, the way they walk it shows their bravery, courage and boldness and are exact opposite of what Aunt Jennifer is.


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